For those who do not yet have their own children, all babies cry the same way: loudly, annoyingly and meaninglessly. And only a mother can understand what exactly worries her baby. When he grunts and whimpers displeasedly, he needs to change
diaper, loudly and demandingly roars — to feed. But if the baby suddenly starts screaming piercingly, kicking his legs, does not calm down either in his arms or at his chest, most likely he has a tummy ache. Most often, abdominal pain in newborns is caused by intestinal colic. You can make sure that it is them by the following signs:
- crying begins suddenly and for no apparent reason;
- the baby presses the legs to the stomach, sorts them out;
- if the child passes gases, it becomes easier for him for a while;
- attacks occur regularly, usually in the evening;
- colic does not affect the general well-being: neither before nor after the attack, the baby does not worry more than usual.
Attention! With colic, the temperature never rises, there is no vomiting, especially with an admixture of blood, there is also no blood in the feces, diarrhea. If you notice one or more of these warning signs in your child, call your doctor right away. It is also necessary to consult a pediatrician if the baby refuses to eat, gains poorly or does not gain weight at all. As a rule, infant colic begins at three to four weeks of age. They are most pronounced in the fifth or sixth week, and in three to four months they disappear without any treatment. Nevertheless, with colic, the baby can and should be helped. To understand how to do this, it is worth understanding why newborns have colic at all. The main reason is the immaturity of the digestive system. After birth, the baby gets used to eating on its own, and not at the expense of the mother’s body. While his digestion is adjusted to work in new conditions, there are temporary problems. There are circumstances that can exacerbate these problems. So, the risk of colic in an infant may be higher if the birth was protracted or, on the contrary, rapid, if a caesarean section was performed, if breastfeeding was delayed or absent, if antibiotics were prescribed to the mother and / or child. There are studies that suggest that increased anxiety of the mother, quarrels and scandals in the family can contribute to and exacerbate colic in a child. And, of course, the intensity of colic is affected by the nutrition of mother and baby. Colic can be provoked if the mother leans on sweets, starchy foods and any foods that cause increased gas formation (an excess of raw vegetables and fruits with a high fiber content and, in some cases, milk and sour-milk products). They can, but they don’t have to. A nursing woman should eat varied, full and monitor the reaction of the child. For example, dairy products are good for her, but the baby may have intolerance to cow’s milk protein. If the baby has become restless, problems with the tummy have begun — you need to start keeping a food diary and exclude a suspicious product for at least two weeks and see if there will be improvements. When choosing infant formula for a newborn or baby up to three or four months of age, you should pay attention to specialized formulas for comfortable digestion, for example, Nutrilak Premium COMFORT. The hydrolyzed, that is, split, protein in this mixture is easily and completely digested, LGG® lactobacilli are proven to eliminate colic, and milk fat, like in breast milk, helps with comfortable digestion and regular stools. In addition to correcting nutrition, the following measures help relieve colic:
- Upright position after feeding. Hold the child in a «column» for several minutes until he burps the air caught with food.
- Skin to skin contact. During an attack of colic, you can put the baby with a bare tummy on your stomach.
- Dry heat. Apply a warm diaper to your tummy.
- Light massage. Without pressure, stroke the baby on the tummy in circular motions from the navel and in circular motions clockwise. Tummy massage can be done in warm water while bathing the baby. Bend and press his legs to the stomach several times to release the gases.
Do not use even harmless products such as herbal teas, dill water, or preparations based on simethicone without consulting a pediatrician. Try to stay calm, because mom’s stress is one of the reasons for aggravating colic. If you have any doubts about the reasons for the restless behavior of the baby, be sure to consult a doctor so as not to ignore possible health problems with the crumbs.