Oxford is a popular synthetic fabric, indispensable in the production of casual and sportswear, leisure and tourism equipment, in the furniture and construction industries.
Matter is distinguished by a special way of weaving threads, called «gunny». As a result of weaving, a fabric is obtained, consisting of convex squares arranged in a checkerboard pattern. The surface treatment of the material with polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride ensures high impermeability of oxford products.
Material with weaving fibers, the pattern of which resembles a reed basket, appeared in the 19th century in Scotland. Unlike ordinary weave, in this fabric the warp and weft threads overlap not one by one, but in whole groups. The result is a surface covered with embossed squares. Initially, textiles were made exclusively from pure cotton.
Solid, comfortable and durable material has become indispensable in the tailoring of men’s shirts. Students at Oxford University especially liked clothes made from this fabric. Hence the name «Oxford». Later, unique textiles gained recognition in other countries. In the 20th century, synthetics, nylon and polyamide began to be added to the composition of the fabric, which made it more practical and durable. Then they developed a completely synthetic material, which was no longer used only for clothing. A new stage in the development was the surface treatment with chemical compounds, as a result of which the fabric acquired completely new characteristics: water resistance, fire resistance, protection against aggressive reagents. And although the new textile was completely different from the classic counterpart, the name «Oxford» remained the same.