HISTORY OF KOPI LUWAK
Luwak coffee, the world’s most expensive coffee, originated in Indonesia thanks to poverty and taxes.
In the seventeenth century, Indonesia was called the Dutch East Indies and was considered the “jewel in the crown of the Dutch Empire”, thanks in part to coffee plantations. Until 1830, the farmers of the Dutch East Indies drank coffee from their crops, hand-picked from the branches, and would be terribly offended by the suggestion that they would be interested in coffee from feces. However, in 1830, the colonial administration forbade farmers to collect coffee for personal use — only for export.
Farmers, deprived of their usual cup of coffee in the morning, willy-nilly turned their attention to the excrement of one local animal, which had more coffee beans than nuts in Nuts chocolate bars. And how surprised the farmers were when, after tasting “litter coffee”, they felt that its taste was much better than coffee harvested in the traditional way!
LUWAK COFFEE — WHERE AND HOW IT IS GROWN
Luwak coffee has long been a local specialty in Indonesia, and only entered the market after World War II, when the coffee industry was in decline due to crop failures. The unique processing method and low sales volume (the palm civet produces fifty grams of grains from one kilogram of berries) immediately turned Kopi Luwak Coffee into an exclusive product, but the 2007 film “Until the box” with Jack Nicholson glorified coffee all over the world and made this variety a cult.
Kopi Luwak coffee is still produced only in Indonesia and the Philippines. In Vietnam, where the palm civet is also found, it is called “chon”, and the coffee obtained from its excrement is “kopi chon”, but this variety is much less popular and inferior in taste.
WHERE DO COFFEE BEANS COME FROM?
regular coffee varieties
In the case of ordinary varieties, coffee berries are harvested from trees by hand, then the berries are cleaned to a bitter grain either by drying or by wet processing in an apparatus.
The cleaned coffee bean is sent to fermentation in vats to get rid of the remaining pulp, then washing and drying. Now it remains only to roast it to get the usual coffee in a pack.
How Kopi Luwak is made, its features
The «production» of luwak coffee is taken over by the civet. The civet is a fluffy agile animal with big eyes. It has many names — luwak (that’s why the name of this coffee is kopi luwak), musang, or Malayan palm marten, or Malayan palm civet. An agile predator, a distant relative of cats, at night he climbs coffee trees and selects the ripest berries.
He bites through the bitter peel and spits it out, eats the sweet layer, and swallows the grain itself. In the digestive tract, the grain gets rid of the pulp, loosened and fermented — this is how this wonderful coffee is «produced».
Further, the result of the work of the musang is dried in the sun, thoroughly washed and fried. Luwak coffee can be drunk without fear that there is something else in it besides the coffee itself.
THE MOST EXPENSIVE COFFEE IN THE WORLD
Having compared retail prices in several countries around the world, we can confidently say that kopi luwak lives up to its reputation! How much does a cup of Luwak coffee cost? If you go to Indonesia, then “on the spot” you will pay about ten dollars for one cup, in Europe it is already from thirty-five to one hundred dollars.
A kilogram of product at a retail price can cost from three hundred to one thousand two hundred dollars. The one-of-a-kind method of processing coffee gives a result that cannot be achieved with mechanical cleaning and processing of coffee beans. Fermentation by bacteria in the digestive tract gives kopi luwak coffee its unique creamy-chocolate flavor and long-lasting aftertaste. In addition, in order to mark the territory, the civet secretes an aromatic substance — civet. Cibet is used in the production of the most expensive perfumes in the world to form the «oriental note». When processing coffee beans, civet gives them a musky, leathery smell, unique for each animal.
In addition, civets, like humans, cannot eat coffee alone, so no more than three hundred kilograms of kopi luwak coffee is produced per year.
HOW TO MAKE WILD KOPI LUWAK COFFEE — TIPS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
If you want to drink coffee, as the Indonesians drink it, then grind it with the finest grinding, brew it in a cup of water that has cooled slightly after boiling and leave it to infuse under the lid for up to five minutes.
In Europe, it is brewed in standard ways, with fine or medium grinding in a Turk, drip coffee maker or French press at your discretion. Also, due to its cost, kopi luwak is often used in coffee blends.
But still, the best way to try Luwak coffee is to visit the coffee plantations of Indonesia, see and even stroke the civets, and at the end of the tour, taste a cup of the most expensive coffee in the world, which was roasted and ground before your eyes!
Wildberry presents the original Luwak coffee from Indonesia (Wild collection) — this is when flowers LIVE IN FREEDOM and feed on their own. This type of coffee is considered the highest quality and exclusive, it has the most beneficial properties and lacks stress hormones from captivity.
You have a unique opportunity to try this legendary drink right at home and join the elite community of people who indulge in this pleasure.