SHASHA — what to do when a child replaces sounds in words? For example, instead of “Sasha”, he says “Shasha”. This is a fairly common problem. Will it go away on its own? Or do you need to do something?
Most often, babies confuse sounds:
- “r” and “l” (“aphids” instead of “three”),
- voiced and deaf sounds (“babotka” instead of “butterfly”),
- hissing and whistling (“jayats” instead of “hare”).
Immaturity of the articulatory apparatus. This is a normal situation until about 4-4.5 years. The process of mastering the sound takes some time. At first, all children are characterized by the so-called physiological dyslalia, that is, pronunciation imperfection. The child tries to pronounce a new sound for himself, but does this through an already familiar substitute sound. Then, for some time, the baby speaks this way and that, and as a result, often hearing the correct sound, he begins to speak it correctly.
Poorly developed phonemic awareness. The child does not distinguish similar sounding phonemes. And this, in fact, is not only a problem of pronunciation, but also of writing in the future. The student will make mistakes in unstressed vowels, double consonants, deaf sounds at the end of a word — because his phonemic hearing cannot “tell” him. There are many possible causes, and only a doctor can make a diagnosis.
In any case, both the articulation apparatus and phonemic hearing can (and should!) be TRAINED.
We at Umnitsa have developed convenient and beautiful materials for practicing at home:
“Clever girl®. Chatterers”
“Clever girl®. Chatterboxes is a “simulator” for pronunciation of complex sounds. They have selected rhymes that train the speech apparatus, give a clear and correct sound pattern. Just a few minutes of classes a day, and you will see (or rather, hear) the result.