Immediately after the birth of the child, they put the mother on her stomach, then they process and cut the umbilical cord and apply the baby to the mother’s breast. Then the skin of the newborn is cleaned, its length and weight, head and chest circumference are measured. The doctor examines the birth canal, if necessary, sews up tears in the soft tissues of the birth canal, assesses the tone of the postpartum uterus, and helps the woman empty her bladder. But even after all these standard manipulations, the mother is not transferred to the postpartum ward, for another two or three hours the puerperal remains in the maternity unit.
In the first two hours after childbirth, some complications are possible, primarily uterine bleeding or an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, during these two hours, the mother lies on a stretcher or a bed in the maternity ward, since doctors and midwives are constantly there, and the operating room, in which case, is also located nearby. The child at this time is usually taken to the children’s department, where he most often sleeps. And only two hours later, if everything is fine, the mother is transferred to the postpartum ward.
What does a woman feel at this time?
Chills are possible, abdominal pain may appear, especially in multiparous women.
What is a woman to do at this time?
Relax and unwind. Take shelter so as not to freeze, especially if chills appear. Place an ice pack on the uterus. If possible, ask the midwife to bring hot tea.
1st day after birth
Shortly after the woman is transferred to the postpartum ward, a postpartum midwife will visit her. She will tell you about the arrangement of the department (where the shower, toilet, dining room are), about the daily routine (the time for visiting doctors, eating) and will help the young mother, if necessary, to empty the bladder using a catheter. If a woman lies together with the baby, then immediately after the transfer to the postpartum ward, the child will be brought to her. The midwife will help the mother to properly attach the baby to the breast and start breastfeeding. Then the baby nurse will come and show you how to swaddle your baby and explain how to take care of him. Do not be afraid that after childbirth there will not be enough strength for the child: most newborns sleep most of the day and wake up only for feeding. In addition, in the maternity hospital, the child is usually washed and dressed by nurses, so that the woman will have enough time to relax. If there is no joint stay of mother and child in the maternity hospital, then every three hours they will bring him to the ward for feeding, and then take him back to the children’s department. Over time, the woman herself will pick up and carry the child.
What does a woman feel at this time? On the first day after childbirth, women feel differently. Some experience an incredible elation (this is due to the release of endorphins into the blood — the hormones of pleasure), while others, on the contrary, feel very tired. Some want to call all their friends and announce the birth of a child, they are inspired, full of energy and ready to take care of the baby on their own. Other mothers want to be alone and come to their senses, they still do not have the strength to constantly be with the child.
What should a woman do at this time? In any case, immediately after childbirth, as after any heavy load, you need to restore strength: first eat, and then go to bed or just relax. By the way, the following situation is possible: the birth occurred in the evening or at night, and dinner time has already expired; therefore, in order not to starve, you need to bring something light for a snack (cookies, bread rolls) with you to the hospital in advance.
Mom can usually get out of bed 6 hours after giving birth.
In general, if the birth went without complications, then you should start getting up as early as possible, first with the help of a midwife, and then on your own.
This improves blood circulation, normalizes the functioning of the urinary system and intestines, and accelerates the healing process. In addition, very soon the baby will require more attention.
An important point: After childbirth, the tone of the bladder decreases, so the urge to urinate may be absent or it becomes painful and frequent. However, you should go to the toilet at least four times a day. Urination can be caused reflexively by opening a tap with water, this helps many people a lot. In the absence of the desired effect, urine is removed by a catheter. Most often there is no stool on the first day after birth.
Every day, the mother will be examined by an obstetrician-gynecologist: he will evaluate the contraction of the uterus, the condition of the sutures and the amount of discharge, and see if colostrum is secreted. The midwife will regularly measure the temperature, pulse, blood pressure and treat the external stitches with disinfectant solutions several times a day. Also, every day the baby will be watched by a pediatrician, after which he will tell his mother about the condition of the child. After a normal birth, a woman, as a rule, is discharged on the 3rd-4th day (post-caesarean section — on the 5th-6th).
What does a woman feel at this time?
After childbirth, a woman may experience abdominal pain due to uterine contractions, as well as slight muscle pain in different parts of the body. On the face and on the whites of the eyes, a “rash” may appear — pinpoint hemorrhages that appear due to the fact that small capillaries burst during attempts from tension. Blood pressure can be lowered, so dizziness is possible (to avoid it, you should get up smoothly, without sudden movements). There may be pain in the perineum, even if there were no tears and its incision (pain appears because the perineum was severely stretched during childbirth). If the perineum is sutured, then it will not be possible to sit for at least the first two weeks. Sometimes after childbirth, varicose veins appear in the anus (hemorrhoids), which means discomfort in this place.
What is a woman to do at this time? Mom needs to continue to rest and gain strength. And you should also follow the rules of personal hygiene: often change postpartum pads, do air baths for seams (if any), take a shower daily, wash yourself every time after a bowel movement. Well, the most important thing is to establish breastfeeding and learn how to take care of the baby in practice.
Time in the hospital flies very quickly. Try to spend it usefully — restore your strength and acquire useful skills: at home, all this will be very useful to you!
What needs to be done in the hospital
- Have a good rest: for this, sleep all your free time and eat well.
- Get complete information about the condition of your child: so ask the pediatrician all your questions.
- Establish contact with the child: therefore, spend as much time with the baby as possible, ideally — be with him all the time. Take the baby in your arms, unfold the diapers, carefully examine the baby without clothes.
- Learn how to care for a baby: so, ask your baby sister to show you how to wash your baby, how to change his clothes, swaddle, change a diaper, clean his ears and nose, cut his nails.
- Establish breastfeeding: To do this, feed your baby on demand. Ask the midwife to show you how to properly hold the baby at the breast, how to give and take away the breast.