Surely every child knows the basic rules of the road. But during the time of self-isolation, many knowledge simply disappeared from the children’s heads, not finding a practical application. Now, when the restrictions have been lifted, and the children have again rushed to the summer city streets, it will be especially useful to remind the child of the duties of a pedestrian, as a full participant in the road.
How to teach and repeat?
The main thing in such work is regularity and systematicity. When a child has practiced and turned his knowledge into skills, he will perform many actions (for example, look around when crossing the road) automatically.
How else can you teach your child:
Personal example. Are you going to the store? Explain to the children each of your movements: “Now I will go to the zebra. Now I’ll look at the traffic light. Do you see the yellow light? Need to stop. Now the red light is on, you need to wait for the cars to pass. But green — you can go! But first, let’s look around.»
Books. In modern bookstores, you can find many interesting books on this subject with colorful, understandable illustrations and diagrams, and even stickers.
Drawings. Did you learn the rule? Draw it! This is an excellent mnemonic technique for forming the necessary associations in a child.
Educational cartoons. It’s no secret that children learn a lot of information from cartoons. Educational cartoons are no exception. Therefore, arm yourself with short but capacious animated series, according to which you can learn, remember and consolidate the most important rules of traffic rules.
Educational applications. This is an ideal option for reinforcing the rules already learned: the child will have fun and practice.
Games. Role-playing games will also be a great way to reinforce the rules of the road. It is especially useful to deliberately violate certain rules so that the child notices this and corrects it himself. And if the child remembers everything, you can just play teacher: let him tell you everything he knows about the duties of pedestrians or cyclists. Repetition is the mother of learning!
Important traffic rules for children
What rules need to be reminded to the child to make sure that everything will be fine with him? Enough of the basics:
Rule #1: Mindfulness
This rule is taught to kids by parents almost from infancy. And rightly so: before crossing the road, the child should look to the right and left to make sure that the road is clear and safe. It is especially important to develop this skill before the age of 8. Until about this age, children’s vision is tunnel vision, that is, the baby does not perceive objects well with peripheral vision, he needs to look frontally.
It is best to teach children by personal example: if mom or dad, approaching the road, begin to look around, then the child will soon learn this useful habit.
By the way, you need to cross the street only at a right angle, not diagonally! Explain to the child that only at a right angle the driver will be able to calculate the time and stop in time if necessary. If a person walks diagonally, it is difficult to understand at what point you need to slow down.
Rule #2: Zebra
It is important to remind the child that it is impossible to cross the road in the wrong place. To cross it, you need to use a zebra. Firstly, this place is marked with a sign, so drivers always slow down a little in front of the zebra. Secondly, this is the main island of safety for the child if there is no traffic light or overhead (underground) crossing nearby.
By the way, if suddenly a child rides a bicycle, before crossing the road on a zebra, he will have to jump off and walk. It is very important to remind little fans of fast driving about this.
Rule #3: Traffic lights
Remind your child more often about the existence of a traffic light. He acts as the main traffic controller, thanks to which the child will be able to feel as safe as possible on the road. It is important to tell the child once again about what each color means and that it is strictly forbidden to pass on yellow, and even more so red.
You can tell the child that it’s worth looking around, even if the traffic controller is green. Especially if the icon with a little man is blinking and there is less than 5-7 seconds left for the transition. It is better to wait for the next signal and wait than to run across the road in the last seconds.
By the way, many cars complete the movement (or turn) already on the green signal, so you can easily not even notice them. Explain to the child that after the green signal appears, you should wait 1-2 seconds and make sure that all cars have stopped moving. It is safest to travel with all pedestrians.
Rule #4: Full Review
No need to wade into the road between parked cars or jump onto the roadway because of buses, trees or poles. Not only the child must see the road well, but the child must be clearly visible to all drivers.
Rule number 5: Buses and trolleybuses
On the Internet, you can often find a rule that buses and trolleybuses need to be bypassed in different ways (the first one is from behind, the second one is in front). The child is unlikely to remember how, what and when to do, and the wording is not entirely incorrect.
The child needs to be told: bypass buses and trolleybuses it is forbidden. If you need to cross to the other side, you should wait until the transport leaves. Then the kid will be able to see the road and will not suffer if suddenly the bus driver decides to back out.
Rule #6: Watch the Road
Even while crossing the road, the child must be attentive. You should always watch the road and look around. The situation on the road often changes: someone can brake sharply, and someone unexpectedly appears from behind a turn.
Rule #7: Safety islands
What is a «safety island»? This is a special place on a wide highway, intended for pedestrians. Crossing one part of the path, in the middle the pedestrian can stand on the island and wait for a good situation in order to cross the remaining path without crossing and without endangering himself. As a rule, such islands are located in places where there are no elevated and other crossings, and in the allotted time at a traffic light, a person simply does not have time to cross the road.
It is best to show the child such islands in person, or to acquaint him with them from photographs and pictures on the Internet.
Rule #8: Noise Source
Road safety is the most important thing! Therefore, it is important to be able to notice different noises. It happens that the car goes far, but it is very well audible. In this case, it is better to wait and not cross the road.
It is very important for a child to learn to determine which side the noise is coming from. This will help him, if suddenly the car turns around a corner or goes along a strange trajectory — the baby will be able to navigate.
Rule #9: Reflectors
Low growth severely limits the viewing angle, and even if the car is huge and it is dark outside, it will be difficult for the driver to see what is happening ahead. Therefore, in the dark, children should always carry reflectors in the form of key rings, bracelets, bandages.
Parents need to control the presence of reflectors in children. And children just need to always remember them and not lose them.
Rule #10: Help
If you need to cross the road urgently, and there are no crossings, no traffic lights, no zebras nearby, you don’t need to try to do it yourself. Invite your child to ask an adult to translate for him, it will be safer. It can be just a passerby, a pretty woman with a child, a grandmother or a policeman.
Rule #11: Sidewalk
Another important rule is that you must only walk on the sidewalks, and not on the roadway, even if there is not a single vehicle on it now. Before crossing the road, you must also stop on the sidewalk, and not go out onto the highway. So passing cars will not be able to hurt — this happens especially often when cornering.
The same goes for cycling. You can move on it either on special bike paths or on the sidewalk, but not on the roadway.