What is jute?
Jute — This plant is found only in countries with a hot and humid climate. India, Bangladesh, China and other countries. But the main supplier of jute is India.
History of jute
In the 17th century, people were delegated from the British Empire to establish trade relations between the empire and India. The British East india company was the first company to sell jute in Europe. However, this company was not engaged in the cultivation of jute and production, it only sold finished jute products in Europe. A little later, in 1793, Margaret Donnaly I founded the first jute factory in the world; she also rented a huge area for jute plantations.
However, the real boom in the history of the development of the jute industry occurred in the middle of the 19th century. In 1885, George Acland bought a large batch of spinning machines, and also planted jute on the east coast of India near Calcutta. The growth rates and production volumes were so high that jute products gradually began to conquer the European market, seriously competing with cotton. By 1910, there were already more than 30 jute processing plants in France, England, Italy, America, Belgium and other countries.
In the era of the great Akbar empire, the poor rural population of India wore clothes made of jute. Since ancient times, jute has also been used to make ropes and ropes for construction purposes, and the Chinese have also made paper from jute.
How are jute fibers made into threads, ropes, ropes?
The height of the stems reaches four meters. Actually they are used to make jute. The stems are cut and formed into sheaves, which are left in the field for three weeks. Then the product is collected, taken to the factory and soaked in water for another 14 days. Later, the fibers are separated from the stem. They are dried, sorted and sent to another manufactory, where fabric is made from fibers. Most often, plain weave is used in its production.
From the plant itself, fibers are made from the fibers of threads, ropes, ropes and are already being transported to us in Russia.
So that beetles and any fauna do not get into the warehouse of India, jute products are treated with industrial oil or fish oil.